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Hamburg is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. The Town of Hamburg is on the western border of the county and is south of Buffalo, New York. Hamburg is one of the “Southtowns” in Erie County. A village called Hamburg and a village called Blasdell are in the town. Hilbert College is in the Town of Hamburg, north of Hamburg village, and part of the south campus of Erie Community College is in the eastern part of the town. The Erie County Fair is the second-largest county fair in the United States and is held at the fairgrounds every year in August. The Seaway Trail, a National Scenic Byway, travels through Hamburg on New York Route 5, along the Lake Erie shoreline. The Lake Erie Seaway Trail Center, a seasonal visitors information center with exhibits and public waterfront access, is located in Hamburg.
Around 1852, the Erie Railroad was built through the area. In 1868 the Erie County Fair came to the town and has been located there since then. In 1875 the weekly publication of the Erie County Independent began. This is now known as The Sun. Telephone service in the area started in 1886. The Village of Hamburg set itself off from the town in 1874 by incorporating as a village. In 1897, a group of women known as the Nineteenth Century Club started a permanent free public library, known as the Hamburg Free Library. Until 1901 it was located in various rented buildings. Starting in 1890 and to support the growing regional steel industry, Polish and Italians began to arrive in the area. In 1898, the community of Blasdell set itself apart from the town by incorporating as a village. In July 2012, Main Street in the Village of Hamburg from Lake Street to Buffalo Street was granted state approval for nomination as a national historic district.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,888, and the median income for a family was $56,974. Males had a median income of $41,440 versus $27,602 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,943. About 3.2% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.